Intel History



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  • Chips are small, about the size of a fingernail. Yet tiny silicon chips such as those in the *Intel processor family are changing the way people live, work, and play.
  • Intel’s success at reducing transistor size and maximizing performance results in advanced processor technology that helps drives other innovations in almost all industries.
  • The task of making chips – the most complex devices ever manufactured – is no small feat.
  • A sophisticated microprocessor can contain hundreds of millions or billions of transistors interconnected by fine wires made of copper.
  • Silicon chip manufacturing starts with a design or blueprint.
  • It can take hundreds of engineers working full time for more than two years to design, test, and ready a new chip design for fabrication.
  • Intel’s breakthrough 45-nano-meter (nm) High-k silicon technology enables the production of transistors so small that 2 million of them fit into the period at the end of this sentence. Recently, Intel introduced a 22 nm microprocessor made using 3-D Tri-Gate transistor technology.
  • The factories where chips are made are called fabrication facilities, or “fabs”. Intel fabs are among the most technically-advanced manufacturing facilities in the world.
  • Because particles of dust can ruin the complex circuitry on a chip, special areas called “cleanrooms” have purified air that is constantly recirculating through the ceiling and exiting the floor tiles.
  • Technicians put on a special suit – called a bunny suit – before they enter a cleanroom. In a cleanroom, a cubic foot of air contains less than one particle measuring about 0.5 micron (millionth of a meter) across. That is thousands of times cleaner than a hospital operating room.